Football or soccer is a team game comprising of 11 members who compete against another team of 11 members. The team comprises ten outfield members and one goalkeeper. The ten outfield members are further assigned the position of defenders, forward players, and midfielders.
The rules and laws of football are regulated by the International Football Association Board(IFAB). The rules made are solid and should be follower all over the world.
- Field; The field for playing should be green in colour, and it could either be played on grass or artificial turf. The field should be rectangular, ranging from 100 yards to 130 yards and a width ranging from 50 yards to 100 yards. The field should be properly marked with the middle partition line and goal post points.
- Ball; The ball spherical in shape is mostly made up of leather and should have a circumference ranging from 26 to 28 inches. However, this varies depending on the age group of the team participating in the match.
- Players; As mentioned above, the team comprises 11 members. But it’s also important that there are substitutes present. These substitutes take the place of the main player in case of a sudden emergency such as an injury or any other health issue.
- Equipment; While playing a football match,the player must have and wear all the necessary equipment such as the jersey, shin guards, and long socks covering the shin guards and cleats.
- Referee and his decisions; A referee is a person who gives the final decision of any action that takes place during the match. For example, a goal, a penalty, etc. His decision is considered to be final, and questioning his decisions could lead to consequences.
- Assistant Referee is compulsory; An assistant referee, as the name suggests, helps out the main referee and is mandatory in any match. They help notify the main referee about any foul, offside position, or any other action through flags.
- Start of the match; The match starts twice, once initially and the second time after the half period. The initial match starts with a coin toss, and the winning team decides where they would want to attack the goal. After that, the main match begins with a kick-off, and kick-off happens every time the game restarts, after a goal or after the half-time period.
- Score; A team receives one point if the ball completely crosses the goal line in the goal post.
- Free kick rule; Free kicks are of two types, indirect and direct. As the name suggests, direct free kicks are something that can be shot directly into the opponent’s goalpost, while indirect free kick has to be touched by another team member before it touches the goal post to be considered.
- Penalty Kick; Penalty Kick, as it suggests, is a penalty if the team commits a foul. This kick is taken from the Penalty spot marked on the field.
- Corner Kick; If the defensive team players throw the ball out of the goal line, the offensive team gets the chance of a kick while the ball is placed at the corner area of the field. The benefit of this kick is that a point can be scored directly from a corner kick.
All countries have to follow the rules made by IFAB while playing football. Though many people playing just for fun come out with their own rules, following the actual rules should be encouraged to understand the actual game better.